Download Men of Physics Lord Rayleigh–The Man and His Work: The by Robert Bruce Lindsay,D. ter Haar PDF

By Robert Bruce Lindsay,D. ter Haar

males of Physics: Lord Rayleigh–The guy and His paintings offers an appraisal of the importance of Rayleigh's medical paintings, including extracts from his released papers.
The e-book begins by way of supplying a biographical cartoon of John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh (1842-1919). The textual content then discusses Lord Rayleigh's contributions to technological know-how, together with the actual phenomena, optical tools, electric criteria, and the idea of relativity. decisions from Rayleigh’s medical papers, that are incorporated within the ebook, also are thought of. those choices contain papers in regards to the thought of resonance; the depth and polarization of the scattered mild; the manufacture and thought of diffraction-gratings; and the binaural impression. different chosen papers contain these concerning the program of the main of reciprocity to acoustics; the soundness of fluid circulate; the Rayleigh disk; and acoustic streaming. The learn of floor waves in elastic solids; the invention and isolation of argon; sound propagation; and electromagnetic radiation are the opposite subject matters incorporated within the number of papers within the e-book.
Physicists will locate the ebook invaluable.

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Download The Big Picture Man: Reflections on the Life and Thought of by Scott L. Rolston PDF

By Scott L. Rolston

in the course of the first six a long time of the 20th century Alfred Louis Kroeber labored with nice contrast as a member of an anthropological circle the ethos of which he couldn't absolutely percentage. His ideals concerning the evolution of languages, and the arguable suggestion of cultural evolution extra often, conflicted with the reigning Boasian paradigm. many of the innovations with which he struggled, equivalent to the familial relationships between American languages and the emergent personality of tradition, turned much less tricky after he had handed from the scene. even though Kroeber is considered one of many founding figures of yank anthropology, his contributions to the institution of the genetic procedure in ancient linguistics have been overshadowed via the genius of his collaborator and correspondent, Edward Sapir.

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Download Expedition zum Ursprung: Ein Physiker auf der Suche nach by Albrecht Kellner PDF

By Albrecht Kellner

Schon als Jugendlicher spürt Albrecht Kellner eine Sehnsucht danach, den Ursprung aller Dinge zu ergründen. Daher schreibt er sich voller Elan für das Studium der Physik ein. Doch schon bald muss er feststellen, dass die Naturwissenschaft zwar vielePhänomene auf kompakte mathematische Modelle zurückführen kann, es aber nicht vermag, sie letztgültig zu erklären. Seine excursion führt ihn nun zu verschiedenen Stationen: Er experimentiert mit bewusstseinserweiternden Mitteln, erlernt Methoden der Transzendentalen Meditation und des Hellsehens und beschäftigt sich mit fernöstlichen Weisheitslehren. Doch nichts scheint ihn seinem Ziel wirklich näherzubringen. Bis er auf jemanden stößt, der ihm die Lektüre der Bibel empfiehlt. Zu seiner Überraschung findet er hier einen Weg, der sich radikal von allen seinen bisherigen Erfahrungen unterscheidet, und gelangt schließlich tatsächlich an den Endpunkt seiner Reise.

Packend erzählt der Raumfahrtmanager Albrecht Kellner seine Lebens- und Glaubensgeschichte. Bewusst auf frommes Vokabular verzichtend, eignet sich dieses Buch ganz besonders für Menschen, die auf der Suche nach dem Sinn des Lebens sind.

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Download Der Schattensammler: Die allerletzte Autobiografie (German by Carl Djerassi PDF

By Carl Djerassi

DIE GROSSE AUTOBIOGRAFIE DER "MUTTER DER PILLE" CARL DJERASSI

Carl Djerassis Autobiografie gibt einen tiefen Einblick in sein ereignisreiches Leben: Geboren und aufgewachsen in Wien, musste seine Familie, als er 15 battle, aufgrund ihrer jüdischen Herkunft zunächst nach Bulgarien und später in die united states flüchten.

Als einer der größten Chemiker sowie bedeutendsten Kunstsammler und -mäzene hat Djerassi unsere Gesellschaft nachhaltig und grundlegend beeinflusst. Mit der Entwicklung der Pille hat er die Lebensentwürfe ganzer Generationen verändert, seine Ergebnisse zur Synthese von Cortison waren entscheidend für die weitere Forschung.

Schonungslos offen lässt Carl Djerassi sein Leben Revue passieren. Faszinierend und sehr persönlich erzählt er von den wichtigsten Stationen seines beruflichen Werdegangs, seiner Leidenschaft für Kunst und Literatur sowie den prägenden Erfahrungen seines Lebens.

Carl Djerassi
- Miterfinder der Pille
- einer der 30 wichtigsten Menschen des Milleniums (London Sunday Times)
- vielfach ausgezeichnet und mit aktuell 30 Ehrendoktoraten gewürdigt
- prägte das style Science-in-fiction

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"Bilanz eines Mannes, der so schonungslos wie augenzwinkernd sein langes Leben im aspect reflektiert."
Wiener Zeitung, Eva Stanzl

"..Spannende Einblicke in ein bewegtes Leben eines Wissenschafters, Universitätsprofessors, Kunstliebhabers und -sammlers, Schriftstellers, dessen Erfolge, aber auch dessen persönliche Katastrophen."
ORF.at

"Kurzweilig, genial und eindrucksvoll: Die Lebensgeschichte einer namhaften Persönlichkeit aus Wissenschaft und Kultur."
Leserstimme

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Download Hippokrates: Meister der Heilkunst (German Edition) by Hellmut Flashar PDF

By Hellmut Flashar

Bereits die Zeitgenossen priesen den griechischen Arzt Hippokrates von Kos für seine Heilkunst. Sein Wissen struggle so überragend, dass seine Schriften wie ein Kristallisationskern auf medizinische Texte anderer Ärzte wirkten und in der Überlieferung mit diesen eine Einheit bildeten - das Corpus Hippocraticum. Von überzeitlicher Bedeutung ist das berühmteste Stück dieser Sammlung, das als hippokratischer Eid in die Geschichte eingegangen ist; bis heute gilt er als Maßstab für das ethische Handeln eines Arztes.

Was wussten Hippokrates (ca. 460 bis ca. 380 v. Chr), die Ärzte seiner Zeit und jene der folgenden Jahrhunderte wirklich über den Menschen? was once für eine Vorstellung hatten sie vom menschlichen Körper und den Zusammenhängen, die ursächlich sind für die Entstehung von Krankheiten? Welche Auslöser vermuteten sie beispielsweise hinter Epidemien, hinter einem epileptischen Anfall oder hinter bestimmten Frauenkrankheiten? Welche Methoden der Diagnostik und der Therapie standen ihnen überhaupt zur Verfügung? Welche Formen der Diät hielten sie für sinnvoll - und in welchen Fällen? All diesen Fragen geht der overseas renommierte Altertumswissenschaftler Hellmut Flashar nach und legt eine anregende Einführung in die antike Heilkunst vor - aber auch einen profunden Überblick über die Wirkmächtigkeit des Hippokrates während der letzten 2000 Jahre.

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Download James Van Allen: The First Eight Billion Miles by Abigail Foerstner PDF

By Abigail Foerstner

Astrophysicist and area pioneer James Van Allen (1914–2006), for whom the Van Allen radiation belts have been named, was once one of the critical medical investigators for 24 area missions, together with Explorer I in 1958, the 1st winning U.S. satellite tv for pc; Mariner 2’s 1962 flyby of Venus, the 1st profitable venture to a different planet; and the Seventies Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 missions that surveyed Jupiter and Saturn. even supposing he retired as a school of Iowa professor of physics and astronomy in 1985, he remained an energetic researcher, utilizing his campus workplace to watch facts from Pioneer 10—on path to arrive the sting of the sun method whilst its sign was once misplaced in 2003—until a short while ahead of his demise on the age of ninety-one. Now Abigail Foerstner blends area technological know-how drama, army agendas, chilly warfare politics, and the occasions of Van Allen’s long profession to create the 1st biography of this hugely influential physicist.

Drawing on Van Allen’s correspondence and guides, years of interviews with him in addition to with greater than 100 people, and declassified files from such files because the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the Kennedy area heart, and the utilized Physics Laboratory, Foerstner describes Van Allen’s existence from his Iowa youth to his first experiments at White Sands to the years of Explorer I until eventually his dying in 2006.

Often referred to as the daddy of house technology, James Van Allen led the best way to mapping a brand new sunlight process in response to the sunlight wind, mammoth sun storms, and cosmic rays. Pioneer 10 by myself despatched him greater than thirty years of readings that helped push our acceptance of the boundary of the sunlight procedure billions of miles previous Pluto. Abigail Foerstner’s compelling biography charts the eventful existence and time of this trailblazing physicist.

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Download Women Pioneers of Medical Research: Biographies of 25 by King-Thom Chung PDF

By King-Thom Chung

whereas such a lot laymen may well realize Florence Nightingale because the founding father of sleek nursing, it’s uncertain they can likewise establish Louise Pearce as one of many basic researchers within the healing for African napping ailment or Anna W. Williams because the discoverer of the diphtheria antitoxin. This booklet profiles 25 ladies who've made major contributions to scientific examine, together with woman Mary Wortley Montagu, Lydia Folger Fowler, Virginia Apgar, and Rosalind Franklin, between others. each one profile features a basic advent and covers the woman’s formative years or family members history, her formal schooling, her most beneficial contributions to the sphere, and the real occasions or people which inspired her lifestyles and career.

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Download German Renaissance Man by Jerzy Henisz PDF

By Jerzy Henisz

Georg Henisch (1549-1618) used to be the most extraordinary Renaissance males and humanists in sixteenth-century “middle Europa.” by way of an identical token, he's essentially unknown at the different part of Atlantic. Out of his 32 significant and minor courses, purely six stumbled on their option to Yale University’s libraries, and some others are scattered all through different US universities. His identify isn't really pointed out in significant sixteenth-century resource books written by means of American students with the exception of credits given to him as an writer of the 1st word list.
The tale starts off (Chapter 1) in then top Hungary, in a city then named Bartfeld. It was once a wealthy city, then ruled by means of protestant German settlers, and ruled by way of no-nonsense burghers who adhered to inflexible ethical criteria and tried to reside their lives in worry of God and His judgment. as a result, the tale strikes to a parallel historical past of Augsburg, town the place Georg Henisch spent his whole grownup existence (1576–1618) and the place he died and was once buried. it's via an outline of the schooling reform and its neighborhood implementation postulated by way of a Catholic Erasmus yet absolutely carried out merely via Lutheran fans (Chapter 3). Later, we flow to the main amazing sixteenth-century eu collage, that during Wittenberg, the place our protagonist bought his premedical schooling. It was once, now not unintentionally, the heart the place Martin Luther taught and preached and from the place the “German heresy” unfold like a wildfire via lots of the Habsburg Empire and past (Chapters four and 5.) one of many scholars at Wittenberg was once Georg Henisch’s destiny corporation, Hieronymus Wolf. His lifestyles, teachings, and writings had a profound impression at the improvement of Henisch’s specialist id (Chapter 6.) Wolf used to be the person who recruited Henisch to return to Augsburg. yet ahead of Henisch settled down, he went to Leipzig, Paris, and Basel to earn his clinical measure. His clinical education is gifted in bankruptcy 7 in addition to an outline of and a few reflections on sixteenth-century scientific schooling. At Georg Henisch’s time, you can actually now not be a whole grasp of any guild or occupation until he bought spouse and citizenship within the city. the tale follows with the purchase of either: marrying the daughter of a very good Augsburg pharmacist who practiced medication at the aspect of his occupation and gaining rights as a citizen of Augsburg (Chapter 8). The household lifetime of the couple and taking good care of their 4 youngsters is part of an analogous tale. the opposite half is split into 4 sections: his clinical perform, educating, and scientific e-book translations (Chapter 9); his instructing and writing on such different matters as rhetoric, arithmetic, geography, astronomy, and philosophy (Chapter 10); his money-making courses of almanacs (Chapter 11); and, ultimately, his most eminent accomplishments—making the 1st revealed catalogue of a library and the production of first-ever word list for the German language, released in 1616 (Chapter 12).
Most biographies needs to finish with demise. Little is understood approximately his final years of existence as a widower. In professional records, he used to be defined as a querulous outdated guy, however the obituaries gave credits to his life-long educating and contribution to the town’s welfare and technological know-how. A latter invading French military finally erased his grave. It used to be a tragic improvement for the fellow who believed that the German language maintained its purity from the time of the Tower of Babel till his time in view that the German country by no means succumbed to a overseas invasion. ultimately it did, although it didn't final for a long time.
The booklet is richly illustrated and has a number of references and footnotes however the textual content is freed from educational and scholastic jargon.

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Download Turing's Vision: The Birth of Computer Science (MIT Press) by Chris Bernhardt PDF

By Chris Bernhardt

In 1936, while he used to be simply twenty-four years outdated, Alan Turing wrote a amazing paper within which he defined the speculation of computation, laying out the guidelines that underlie all smooth pcs. This groundbreaking and robust idea now kinds the root of desktop technology. In Turing's Vision, Chris Bernhardt explains the idea, Turing's most crucial contribution, for the final reader. Bernhardt argues that the energy of Turing's conception is its simplicity, and that, defined in an easy demeanour, it truly is eminently comprehensible through the nonspecialist. As Marvin Minsky writes, "The sheer simplicity of the theory's starting place and striking brief direction from this beginning to its logical and spectacular conclusions supply the idea a mathematical good looks that by myself promises it an everlasting position in laptop theory." Bernhardt starts off with the root and systematically builds to the fantastic conclusions. He additionally perspectives Turing's conception within the context of mathematical historical past, different perspectives of computation (including these of Alonzo Church), Turing's later paintings, and the start of the fashionable computer.In the paper, "On Computable Numbers, with an software to the Entscheidungsproblem," Turing thinks rigorously approximately how people practice computation, breaking it down right into a series of steps, after which constructs theoretical machines in a position to acting each one step. Turing desired to express that there have been difficulties that have been past any computer's skill to resolve; specifically, he desired to discover a determination challenge that he may well turn out was once undecidable. to provide an explanation for Turing's principles, Bernhardt examines 3 famous determination difficulties to discover the idea that of undecidability; investigates theoretical computing machines, together with Turing machines; explains common machines; and proves that sure difficulties are undecidable, together with Turing's challenge pertaining to computable numbers.

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Download Francis Galton: Pioneer of Heredity and Biometry by Michael Bulmer PDF

By Michael Bulmer

If no longer for the paintings of his part cousin Francis Galton, Charles Darwin's evolutionary thought may have met a a little diversified destiny. specifically, without direct facts of usual choice and no convincing idea of heredity to give an explanation for it, Darwin wanted a mathematical clarification of variability and heredity. Galton's paintings in biometry―the program of statistical how you can the organic sciences―laid the rules for accurately that. This ebook bargains readers a compelling portrait of Galton because the "father of biometry," tracing the improvement of his principles and his accomplishments, and putting them of their medical context.

Though Michael Bulmer introduces readers to the curious evidence of Galton's life―as an explorer, as a polymath and member of the Victorian highbrow aristocracy, and as a proponent of eugenics―his leader quandary is with Galton's pioneering reviews of heredity, during which he invented the statistical instruments of regression and correlation. Bulmer describes Galton's early targets and experiments―his investigations of difficulties of evolutionary significance (such because the evolution of gregariousness and the functionality of sex), and his flow from the improvement of a physiological concept to a basically statistical thought of heredity, in keeping with the houses of the conventional distribution. This paintings, culminating within the legislation of ancestral heredity, additionally positioned Galton on the center of the sour clash among the "ancestrians" and the "Mendelians" after the rediscovery of Mendelism in 1900. a sleek author and knowledgeable biometrician, Bulmer info the eventual triumph of biometrical tools within the background of quantitative genetics in keeping with Mendelian ideas, which underpins our knowing of evolution today.

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